Will NH Households Pay $1,010 Tax Hike to Solve Public Pension Crisis?

NHCEP has found previously that New Hampshire’s official public pension burden is much lower than the real public pension burden (pdf).  Now, Joshua D. Rauh just announced on his blog about a new study that he just released, with Robert Novy-Marx, that estimates state and local pension contributions need to increase by a factor of 2.5 to reach solvency in 30 years.  For the average American household, that amounts to a tax increase of $1,398 per household, per year!

The study is titled “The Revenue Demands of Public Employee Pension Promises.” (pdf)  Here is the abstract:

We calculate the increases in state and local revenues required to achieve full funding of state and local pension systems in the U.S. over the next 30 years. Without policy changes, contributions to these systems would have to immediately increase by a factor of 2.5, reaching 14.2% of the total own-revenue generated by state and local governments (taxes, fees and charges). This represents a tax increase of $1,398 per U.S. household per year, above and beyond revenue generated by expected economic growth. In thirteen states the necessary increases are more than $1,500 per household per year, and in five states they are more than $2,000 per household per year. Shifting all new employees onto defined contribution plans and Social Security still leaves required increases at an average of $1,223 per household. Even with a hard freeze of all benefits at today’s levels, contributions still have to rise by more than $800 per U.S. household to achieve full funding in 30 years. Accounting for endogenous shifts in the tax base in response to tax increases or spending cuts increases the dispersion in required incremental contributions among states.

The chart below is taken from Table 5 of their study on page 40 which ranks the states (from highest to lowest) in terms of the size of the necessary tax hike, per year, to achieve solvency of the state’s public pension system.  As you can see, New Jersey ranks top in the country at $2,475 while Indiana comes in last at $329.

The good news is that, relative to the rest of the country, New Hampshire’s taxpayers are better off coming in as the 31st highest tax increase in the country.  The bad news is that New Hampshire’s taxpayers must still face a tax hike of $1,010 per household, per year!  In terms of the budget, the annual pension contribution would more than double under their analysis from $400 million to $900 million.  Instead of a tax hike, New Hampshire needs pension reform (pdf).

NHCEP Recommends Right-to-Work

The New Hampshire Center for Economic Policy (NHCEP) recently issued two reports about the crisis of New Hampshire’s Unfunded Liability, one detailing the deep problem, and a follow-up which recommended solutions.  One of the key recommendations was for New Hampshire to become a Right To Work state.

NHCEP policy experts commented on the current Right To Work legislation:

“It’s very exciting to see New Hampshire on the brink of becoming the first Right To Work state in New England,” noted NHCEP president J. Scott Moody. “Right now, the closest Right To Work state is Virginia.  Given that New Hampshire already has the largest private sector in the country, as well as no sales or income tax, why would any company go anywhere else but New Hampshire?”

“The best part about choosing Right to Work is that it’s a proven policy that any state can do for themselves, and New Hampshire is leading the way in the Northeast,” adds Chief Economist Wendy Warcholik. “This policy will help New Hampshire companies stay competitive and add workers; it makes the state even more attractive for new business to start here and for established companies to move here.  Adopting Right To Work is great news that shows solid long-term thinking by our legislators.”

To read the NHCEP report detailing the state’s growing unfunded liability for retiree pensions and benefits, please click this link:   http://nheconomics.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/NHCEP-Liberty-in-Economics-Volume-1-Issue-1-New-Hampshire-Pension-Crisis-021711.pdf

To read the follow-up recommendations to solve this fiscal problem, including Right To Work, please click this link:    http://nheconomics.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/NHCEP-Liberty-in-Economics-Volume-1-Issue-2-New-Hampshire-Pension-Solutions-031511.pdf

Mr. J. Scott Moody and Dr. Wendy Warcholik are available for press interviews, on-air appearances and in-person presentations of this research.  If you have any questions or would like to arrange a meeting, please contact Martin Sheehan, the Director of Communications via e-mail at martinsheehan@nheconomics.org or by calling 207-650-7335.